Drug polyconsumption is associated with increased synchronization of brain electrical-activity at rest and in a counting task
Bajo, Ricardo (UNIR)
Tipo de Ítem:Articulo Revista Indexada
Drug abusers typically consume not just one but several types of drugs, starting from alcohol and marijuana consumption, and then dramatically lapsing into addiction to harder drugs, such as cocaine, heroin, or amphetamine. The brain of drug abusers presents various structural and neurophysiological abnormalities, some of which may predate drug consumption onset. However, how these changes translate into modifications in functional brain connectivity is still poorly understood. To characterize functional connectivity patterns, we recorded Electroencephalogram (EEG) activity from 21 detoxified drug abusers and 20 age-matched control subjects performing a simple counting task and at rest activity. To evaluate the cortical brain connectivity network we applied the Synchronization Likelihood algorithm. The results showed that drug abusers had higher synchronization levels at low frequencies, mainly in the. band (48Hz) between frontal and posterior cortical regions. During the counting task, patients showed increased synchronization in the beta (14-35 Hz), and. (35-45 Hz) frequency bands, in fronto-posterior and interhemispheric temporal regions. Taken together ` slow-down' at rest and task-related 'over-exertion' could indicate that the brain of drug abusers is suffering from a premature form of ageing. Future studies will clarify whether this condition can be reversed following prolonged periods of abstinence.
Este ítem aparece en la(s) siguiente(s) colección(es)
Mostrando ítems relacionados por Título, autor o materia.
Alpha-Band Hypersynchronization in Progressive Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Magnetoencephalography Study López, María Eugenia; Bruna, Ricardo; Aurtenetxe, Sara; Pineda-Pardo, José Ángel; Marcos, Alberto; Arrazola, Juan; Reinoso, Ana Isabel; Montejo, Pedro; Bajo, Ricardo (UNIR); Maestú, Fernando (Journal of Neuroscience, 10/2014)People with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) show a high risk to develop Alzheimer's disease (AD; Petersen et al., 2001). Nonetheless, there is a lack of studies about how functional connectivity patterns may distinguish ...
Cognitive reserve is associated with the functional organization of the brain in healthy aging: a MEG study López, María Eugenia; Aurtenetxe, Sara; Pereda, Ernesto; Cuesta, Pablo; Castellanos, Nazareth; Bruna, Ricardo; Niso, Guiomar; Maestú, Fernando; Bajo, Ricardo (UNIR) (Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 06/2014)The proportion of elderly people in the population has increased rapidly in the last century and consequently "healthy aging" is expected to become a critical area of research in neuroscience. Evidence reveals how healthy ...
López, María Eugenia; Cuesta, Pablo; Garcés, Pilar; Castellanos, Nazareth; Aurtenetxe, Sara; Bajo, Ricardo (UNIR); Marcos, Alberto; Delgado, ML; Montejo, Pedro; López-Pantoja, JL; Maestú, Fernando; Fernández, A (AGE, 06/2014)Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has been described as an intermediate stage between normal aging and dementia. Previous studies characterized the alterations of brain oscillatory activity at this stage, but little is known ...