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dc.contributor.authorJiménez, Manuel (1)
dc.contributor.authorAlvero-Cruz, José Ramón
dc.contributor.authorSolla, Juan
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Bastida, Jorge (1)
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Coll, Virginia (1)
dc.contributor.authorRivilla, Iván (1)
dc.contributor.authorRuiz, Enrique (1)
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Romero, Jeronimo C.
dc.contributor.authorCarnero, Elvis A.
dc.date2020-01
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-17T08:13:04Z
dc.date.available2020-03-17T08:13:04Z
dc.identifier.issn16617827
dc.identifier.urihttps://reunir.unir.net/handle/123456789/9887
dc.description.abstractThis study aimed to analyze the modulating effect of competition seriousness and competition level in the testosterone and cortisol responses in professional soccer player. Ninety five (95) soccer players were included in this study (professional, n = 39; semiprofessional, n = 27; amateur, n = 29) before and after training, friendly game and official games. Repeated measures ANOVA showed higher testosterone levels (F(1,89) = 134, p < 0.0001, η2p = 0.75) in professional soccer players, when compared with semiprofessional (p < 0.0001) or amateur athletes (p < 0.0001). After winning a competition game an increase in testosterone levels was observed in professionals (t = −3.456, p < 0.001), semiprofessionals (t = −4.400, p < 0.0001), and amateurs (t = −2.835, p < 0.009). In contrast, this momentary hormonal fluctuation was not observed after winning a friendly game or during a regular training day. Additionally, statistical analysis indicated that cortisol levels were lower in professional (t = −3.456, p < 0.001) and semiprofessional athletes (t = −4.400, p < 0.0001) than in amateurs (t = −2.835, p < 0.009). In soccer players a rise in testosterone was only observable when the team was faced with an actual challenge but did not support a different response between categories. Thus, the desire to achieve a goal (and keep the social status) may be one of the key reasons why testosterone levels rise promptly. Conversely, testosterone did not change after friendly games, which suggests these situations are not real goals and the players do not perceive an actual threat (in terms of dominance) more than the preparation for their next competitive game.es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Healthes_ES
dc.relation.ispartofseries;vol. 17, nº 1
dc.relation.urihttps://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/17/1/350es_ES
dc.rightsopenAccesses_ES
dc.subjectsocceres_ES
dc.subjectcompetitive behavioures_ES
dc.subjectwinner effectes_ES
dc.subjectsocial dominancees_ES
dc.subjecttestosteronees_ES
dc.subjectcortisoles_ES
dc.subjectScopuses_ES
dc.subjectJCRes_ES
dc.titleCompetition seriousness and competition level modulate testosterone and cortisol responses in soccer playerses_ES
dc.typeArticulo Revista Indexadaes_ES
reunir.tag~ARIes_ES
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010350


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