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HIV co-infection in HTLV-1 carriers in Spain
(Virus Research, 2019-06)
Background: Human retroviruses HIV and HTLV share transmission routes. HIV widely spread in Spain during the 80 s through injection drug use and sex, and nowadays HIV rates in Spain account for one of the largest in Europe. ...
Occult hepatitis B and HIV infection
(European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 2019-11)
Introduction Occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, so-called occult B infection (OBI), is defined by the recognition of HBV-DNA in the absence of serum hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). The HBV-DNA genome in OBI is ...