New patterns of information and communication technologies usage at work and their relationships with visual discomfort and musculoskeletal diseases: results of a cross-sectional study of spanish organizations
Soria-Oliver, María (1)
López, Jorge S.
Torrano, Fermín (1)
García González, Guillermo (1)
Tipo de Ítem:Articulo Revista Indexada
This cross-sectional study analyses the usage patterns of the new communication and information technologies (ICTs) and their relationship with visual discomfort and musculoskeletal diseases in an intentional sample of 1259 workers of Spanish organizations. The usage pattern with the greatest incidence of visual and muscular-skeletal disorders, especially in the wrist and neck, combines the use of laptops and desktops during long working hours. However, the group of workers primarily using mobile devices and working mostly at mobile posts does not appear to be particularly vulnerable to the musculoskeletal diseases and visual fatigue. The ratio of taking a short pause per hour and the implantation of certain technical and preventive measures is related to lower incidence of disorders in the workers as a whole. Current usage of ICTs is very complex and should be addressed using empirical analysis of the different forms of usage and their impacts on health.
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